The following booklet is titled “Population and Economic Development in India” was published on 16, April, 2003 and was authored by N.R Narayana Murthy. The author delivers this text as a lecture and begins with stating the population of the country and how it has been in the colonial times. They also draw a comparison with China and how it’s population composition is different to that of India’s. Murthy highlights the important sectors of both the countries and how they directly impact the population consumption which is then inversely proportional to economic advancement. Then they also bring in light how population will adversely impact resources which are fundamental to humans and their distribution. Murthy then goes deep into the Indian states and their population structure as well as resource distribution. All in all, the author tries to deliver on the lines that obstacles are bound to arise but with that we can also reach our goal of mastering the opportunity with cautious policies.