The following booklet titled “Population, Development and Environment” was published on December 15, 1994, and was authored by S.P. Godrej. In this article, he writes that while development is indispensable for India, the development path chosen must keep in mind the aspects of population and environment. According to him, development, population and environment constitute a Trinity. While the liberalisation policy holds some hope for the future, the author believes that the failure of population control continues to recoil India’s economy. He highlights that the country’s resources fall short of the populace it must serve. High unemployment, insurmountable hunger, eminent illiteracy are signs of the egregious conditions that prevail in the economy. As per the author, the government blinded by the obsession with economic development has not given due importance to economic welfare. He shines a light on the population-environment nexus and its disastrous impact on the economy. Further, in relation to the predicament panned out by the rising population, the text provides specific solutions that could change attitudes, such as sound education, trade unions, committed media, etc. Hence in totality, the author believes that the need of the hour is controlling the population and choosing a development path that encompasses human progress along with economic progress.