The Forum of Free Enterprise is a non-political organization founded in 1956 by A. D. Shroff, and has been established to educate public opinion in India on free enterprise and a democratic way of life. The Forum publishes booklets to further its objects. The following booklet is titled “Public Action to Remedy Hunger” was published on November 20, 1998, and was authored by Prof. Amartya Sen. The booklet is a textual representation of excerpts from the prestigious Arturo Tanco Memorial Lecture delivered by the author on 2nd August 1990 in London. The author discusses problems of hunger viz., famines, and endemic deprivation. The author states pessimism versus remedial action and states that one of the problems that make the task of the prevention of famines and hunger particularly difficult is the general sense of pessimism and defeatism that characterizes so much of the discussion on poverty and hunger in the modern world. The author discusses public action, the economy, and society. The author discusses endemic undernourishment, health, and education and states that persistent undernutrition is partly a matter of insufficient food intake, but problem 5 cannot be dissociated from that of deprivation of health care and basic education. The author discusses markets and participatory growth. The author talks about public provisioning and mortality reduction and states that the countries which have achieved tremendous lowering of under-five mortality (reductions of 70 to 80 percent during 1960- 85) and have reached very low absolute mortality rates, mainly through public programmes of medical care, epidemiological control, and elementary education. The author dwells on: ‘Can Poor countries Afford Health Services and Education’? the further author talks about famines as entitlement failures and suggests some steps for income creation and public intervention for those who are hit by economic changes. Further, the author suggests some famine prevention measures. The author discusses cash wages, public action, and private trade and states that one advantage is that this method can be used with speed. Unlike the direct distribution of food, a system of cash wages does not require moving food through governmental organizations before relief can be given. The author elucidates economic reasoning and practical experiences, political incentives, news media, and democracy. The author discusses ending hunger through integrated public action. The author concludes with the view that public action has to be seen as actions by the public and not just as state actions for the public. To eliminate the problem of hunger, the political framework of democracy and uncensored press can make a substantial contribution, but it also calls for the activism of the public.