The Forum of Free Enterprise is a non-political organization founded in 1956 by A. D. Shroff, and has been established to educate public opinion in India on free enterprise and a democratic way of life. The Forum publishes booklets to further its objects. The following booklet is titled “Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme – Two Views”. The two views have been expressed by Prof. Gangadhar Gadgil and N. G. Abhyankar I.A.S (Retd.). The former has presented his views in support of the employment guarantee scheme in his “A Welcome Measure” and the latter against the scheme in his “Diversion of Scarce Resources”. Both have presented their stance very eloquently and it is for the reader to decide which stance was correct as today we possess the knowledge of evolution and the current state of employment guarantee schemes in the state and the country both.