The following booklet is titled “The challenge of Poverty” was published on 31,Oct, 2002 and was authored by Dr.Otto Count Lambsdroff and Swaminathan A.Aiyar. Part one of the text elucidates on empirical data of mass poverty to the global community especially in terms of South Asian context. Poverty as a challenge for liberalism is elaborated upon and speculative consequences have been given as well as instances to overcome the said consequences. The question of how to provide the poor with better access to economic opportunities is one central issue highlighted in the text. The author provides with the literature of classical liberalism and quotes famous philosophers in order to provide modern libertarians with solutions as well as where the areas they should improve. The next segment of the booklet is “Globalisation and Poverty” by Swaminathan Anklesaria Aiyar which simultaneously compares both global aspects of poverty that trickle down in a country. Special emphasis is provided on the comparison of India and China due to social, economic, geographical as well as political factors. A brief history of colonialism as well as communism is drawn and the focus is driven upon their economic structures and then a parallel is drawn for the post-colonialism and post-communism period to compare both economic structures.