The following booklet titled, “The Chinese Economic Experiment: Lessons For India” was authored by J. H. Doshi and published in 1978. As a critical evaluation of the economic growth of India and China, post the Second World War, this text offers the readers a comprehensive understanding of the different ideologies, geographical factors, and the political and cultural influences that have shaped two of the world’s major economies. The author traces the historical challenges faced by the two economies and their development over time. The text focuses on certain key sectors such as the development of agriculture and small scale industries, communes and town planning, employment policies, education and training, sanitation, amenities, conservation of natural resources, etc. By taking a closer look at our neighbouring country, the author highlights the lessons for India from China’s economic excellence and the steps India can take going forward to further accelerate its economic growth.