This booklet contains the textual reproduction of the eighth Nani A Palkhivala Memorial Lecture delivered by Mr. Kapil Sibal, the then Union Minister for Human Resource Development, Communications and Information Technology, on the topic ‘The Emerging Scenario in Education’. It was published by the Nani A Palkhivala Trust in June 2011. The Minister talks about his vision for transforming the education landscape of India over the course of the next decade. He aims not only at increasing the absolute number of students in the country, but also improving the quality of education at all levels. He recognizes the problems that existed within the system and proposes opening up education to the private sector. He also accounts for vocational training in his vision for a transformed education sector. He gives a clear reasoning for the legislations that he proposes in this sector.