‘The Indian Libertarian’ was a fortnightly journal, founded in 1954 by Indian liberal, Ranchhoddas Bhuvan Lotwala, and edited by his daughter Kusum R Lotwala. This edition (Vol. 6, No. 20) of the journal was published on January 1, 1959. This edition is being published in the midst of the Sino-Soviet split and hence, quite a number of articles focus on developments in China and on communism in general, by M A Venkata Rao, K Kumara Sekhar, and William Henry Chamberlain. ‘Auctioning Import Licences’ by B R Shenoy, the reply to the former by ‘Academicus’, ‘ “Enemies” of the Plan’ by M N Tholal, and the piece on Professor Nicholas Kaldor and his recommendations for restructuring the Indian tax system, discuss the domestic economic scenario in 1959. Further, there are op-eds on issues such as the personality cult that was forming around the then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, the increasingly bureaucratic nature of the Congress Party, the problems of state-controlled ‘free education’, the decline of democracy in Pakistan under General Mohamad Ayub Khan and the problems that persisted in a still colonized Africa. Contributors to this edition include, T L Kantam, Pothan Joseph, Om Prakash Kahol, and L. N. Sarin among others.