‘The Indian Libertarian’ was a fortnightly journal, founded in 1954 by Indian liberal, Ranchhoddas Bhuvan Lotwala, and edited by his daughter Kusum R Lotwala. This edition (Vol. 8, No. 12) of the journal was published on September 15, 1960. The editorial covers rising regionalism and linguistic divide in the country, developments regarding the Third Plan and decolonization and related developments in Congo. The rise of secessionist tensions in Assam is discussed and analysed in ‘The Challenge of Assam’ by M A Venkata Rao and ‘Our Pseudo-Peace Merchants’ by M N Tholal. On a related note the language controversy is addressed by A Ranganathan in ‘Some Reflections on The Language Controversy’. Other contributors to this edition include C Rajagopalachari, S R Narayana Iyer, among others. This edition also contains an Economic Supplement, book reviews, letters to the editor and news reports.