The following booklet titled “The National Telecom Policy and Its Implementation” was published on July 14, 1994, and was authored by T.H. Chowdary. The text first explains the New Telecommunications Policy (NTP) announced on May 13, 1994, which de-monopolizes the telecom industry in India. Highlighting the egregious results of the earlier monopolistic regime, the author clarifies that the new policy merely de-monopolizes the sector and does not privatize. Nevertheless, the slight signs of the entry of private companies in the telecom industry by entrusting them with value-added services have failed because of the adversarial and stringent attitude of the Department of Telecommunications (DOT). The author writes that unless the political leadership decisively and unhesitatingly implements the NTP, private sector presence in the essential telephone services will be even more delayed and almost made impossible. Hence in light of the persistent faulty implementation, the author in accordance with his thirty years of experience in communications, explains some of the crucial implementation issues concerning the industry and how the Government can address them.