The following booklet titled, “The Role Of Labour In Japanese Economic Miracle” was authored by Mr. James D. Hodgson and published in 1978. In this text, the author writes extensively about the unique work culture, industrial practices and policies which have resulted in creating Japan’s thriving economy and led to the rapid increase in their economic growth. The author discusses how the Japanese workers are trained to ‘fit in’ and strive for group harmony and the alignment of their personal goals with the national interests, rather than focusing on individualistic rights like the workers in the US and other parts of the world. The text further explores Japan’s national employment policies, worker’s union movements, the mechanisms for maintaining law and order, education and training of the workforce, and other such unconventional elements and policies which have yielded immense economic success in Japan. This booklet reproduces the text from a lecture delivered by Mr. James D. Hodgson in November 1977, before the Industrial Research Council at the Wharton School of Finance and Commerce, University of Pennsylvania, and is reprinted from “The Wondrous Working World of Japan”, issued by the American Enterprise Institute.