The following booklet titled, “The Tasks Before A Free People ” was published in 1977 after the results of the general election were declared in the favour of the Janta-CDF Party. In this text, the author, N. A. Palkhivala addresses the hardships that the country and its citizens endured during the two years of the Emergency (1975-1977). The author discusses how by voting across feudal and caste lines in the 1977 Elections, the citizens of India secured a fresh lease of freedom. Voicing his confidence in the new government, the author declares their rule to be the age of the common man and the age of social transformation towards a modern society. The author also highlights the importance of economic growth as an instrument for social justice, calls for the alignment of the citizen’s personal interests with national interests, and identifies the underdeveloped areas, inefficient policies and stagnant sectors which are in need of greater government attention. This text is based upon a public talk in Bombay held on 13th April, 1977 and an Open Letter to the Prime Minister published in The Illustrated Weekly of India on 17th April, 1977.